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Confronted with tumultuous weather patterns, global warming, and the end of oil looming in the not so distant future, the United States’ interest in sustainable urban design has begun to take hold. Dr. Timothy Beatley, a professor of Urban and Environmental Planning at University of Virginia, has been emphasizing the importance of creating greener communities for nearly two decades. His book, Green Urbanism: Learning from European Cities researched the enormous strides many European countries have made toward the formation of more environmentally conscious urban development.

Picture your daily commute to work. Wake up, get into your car, sit in traffic for an hour, listen to bad talk radio and get to the office late because you couldn’t find parking. Now imagine this: wake up, jump on your bike, and meet your friend at the bike path which is conveniently located near your home. Take a leisurely ride along a serene bike path free of car traffic and stop lights. Park your bike in a locker located inside your office, and arrive on time at work stress free. For some cities in Europe, this dream has become reality.

The public realm, at its best, generates joy. You can see it in the children jumping up and down, in the embrace and tender kiss of a young couple, in the desire to sway, to dance together, in the smiles between strangers as, with burning eyes, they acknowledge a shared experience. In this mutual acknowledgement the lonely feel united with others. Those in pain forget their suffering and are at one with the world. Elders stand taller and inhale deeply a rejuvenating air of being part of a community. Seeing others filled with delight creates joy in the onlooker.

Fiscal conservatives and politicians have fought tooth and nail to try to delay the construction of high-speed rail, arguing that the overall cost would far exceed the benefits. But what if high-speed rail could generate billions of dollars for the economy in a brief amount of time? What if the cost of construction could be offset in a matter of years not decades? A new report released on July 10, 2012 at a congressional briefing conducted by the American Public Transit Association suggests that building high-speed rail will generate nearly $26.4 billion in the next 40 years. 

How well does our transit system connect where people live to where the jobs are? Not at all well, according to a new Brookings Institute report, Missed Opportunity: Transit and Jobs in Metro America. While most urban jobs are near transit, most employees are not.

It is common today to talk about health only in terms of physical health. The “Active Living” program is often considered the solution to all health problems. In fact, even as cities enact “Active Living” programs to solve obesity, they discover the programs are ineffectual if the society is fragmented or the individual is marginalized. Social health is the foundation for physical health. This has serious implications for planning and urban design. A healthy city must have a healthy social immune system.

Cities across the US are learning to bike-share. On March 14th, the Portland City Council submitted a request for a proposal to find a vendor to install and operate a bike share program. “Bike-share will be a great addition to North America’s most bike-friendly city. It’s a simple, attractive alternative to making quick trips by car” Portland Mayor Sam Adams stated on the Portland Bureau of Transportation website.
It should come as no surprise that more and more young people are doing without cars. An article in the New York Times a few weeks ago discussed the difficulty auto manufacturers are having selling new cars to young people. No matter how cool they make them, young people aren't taking the bait. It's a cliche, but it probably is true, that when young people graduate from college they tend to move to the big city. A car would only complicate their lives - instead of a car, they take a taxi or rent a car for a trip out of town. And this way, they don't have to pay exorbitant parking fees when the car is not needed.
What is livability? When we talk about livability we are concerned with individual and social development, with safety and comfort, and we are concerned with piazzas, with special quality, architectural quality, and with transportation systems.
The 2012 IMCL International Urban Design Award will be presented to Prof. Arch. Ettore Maria Mazzola for his consistent leadership in designing urban environments that celebrate community, and lift the spirit. As shown in his reconceptualization of modern mass housing areas such as Corviale, Rome, and Zen, Palermo, his urban designs are hospitable for all, and show special concern for more vulnerable population groups, children, elders and the poor. Areas of social housing in Italy built in the Modern style have become utterly unlivable and are socially and physically unsustainable. Mazzola’s Master Plan for the redesign of social housing in Palermo transforms monotonous single function housing blocks into a multi-functional small town filled with piazzas and surrounded by a green park.
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