4th Conference in Charleston

4th International Conference on


Dock Street Theater
Charleston, South Carolina
March 8 - 12, 1988

Mayor Joe RileyTwenty years ago, people were debating whether or not our cities would die. Would they have a future? Would people live in them and use them? We have learned in the ensuing years that our cites will live, and that they are needed. The greater question now is what kind of cities are we building? Are we making them livable, of human scale, physically attractive, emotionally and spiritually stimulating? Or are we creating cities unworthy of great civilizations and with no lasting value? To consider these questions is an important task for us all.

I am very pleased to announce that the 4th International Making Cities Livable Conference will take place in Charleston on March 8-12, 1988. Here, together, we will be discussing the future of our cities and how we can make them places of lasting value for the people who live in and use them. This meeting will be jointly sponsored by the City of Charleston and the Center for Urban Well-Being. An outstanding program of speakers from Europe and the United States has been assembled. Charleston not only will serve as the site and the backdrop for the meeting but, in part, will be a teaching and study tool for the participants.

This beautiful city is at its best this time of year. You will have an opportunity to tour our historic houses and neighborhoods, gardens and plantations, and work with some of the leading urban planners and thinkers in the United States and Europe. We will be discussing a wide range of important issues from low-income housing and historic preservation to public markets and tourism management.

We in Charleston are very excited about this conference, because it will give us an opportunity to share ideas that have proved successful in this city, and to learn from you about how we can improve the beauty and livability of our community. I look forward to having you in Charleston, March 8-12, 1988.

Joseph P. Riley, Jr.
Mayor, City of Charleston

Plenary and Panel Sessions

Concurrent Themes: The Good City / Public Spaces for Social Life / Reviving the Heart of the City / Low Income Housing

The Good City

  • The Just City: Social Policy and Values

Public Spaces for Social Life

  • Social Life in Public
  • Contexts for Urban Social Life
  • Streetscape and Urban Space Design Guidelines
  • Public Space Use and Design
  • Transportation and the Pedestrian
  • The Heart of the City
  • Privatization of Public Space Issues
  • Towards Corporate Control of the Public Realm
  • Placemaking in Non-Urban Realms
  • Streetscape and the Arts
  • Criteria for Public Art
  • Public Sculpture: The Vietnam Memorial
  • The Work of Bonifatius Stirnberg
  • The Work of The Arts Council, UK
  • Urban Spaces: Edinburgh, Amsterdam, Nicosia, Gibraltar, Lisbon
  • The Skywalk Assessed
  • Nature in the City

Reviving the Heart of a City

  • Portland’s Central City Plan
  • Creating History: Consistent Planning in Coral Gables
  • Preserving an Historic Setting: Expanding Old Town Key West
  • Redeveloping Downtown as the Economic & Cultural Center
  • Urban Historic Centers Renewal
  • The Preservation of Social Landmarks
  • City Churches as an Urban Resource
  • Reviving the Heart of a City Divided by Political Violence
  • Urban Rehabilitation Without Urban Renewal
  • Charleston Workshop: King Street Revitalization

Neighborhood Revitalization

  • The Role of Urban Space as the Basis for Neighborhood Revitalization
  • Neighborhood Livability, a City’s Response

Innovative Approaches to Low Income Housing

  • Generating Low Income Housing
  • Maintaining Inner City Population and Housing the Elderly
  • Study of Byker Housing, Newcastle

City Case Studies

  • Germany - Nürnberg, Freiburg, Erlangen
  • City Case Studies (USA): Portland, Coral Gables, Key West, Fort Collins, Charleston, Cambridge, MA
  • European case studies: Salzburg, Paris and Venice

Architecture and the Livable City

  • Human Scale Architecture
  • Town Architecture
  • Urban Architecture
  • Architectural Design Concepts

Urban Design Guidelines

  • New Models of Development
  • The Economics of Urban Form
  • The Value Implications of the Contemporary Urban Form
  • Alternate Settlement Patterns

Community Participation Issues

  • Models of Community Participation
  • Vision 2000: Strategic Planning for Anaheim
  • Community Participation in Cross-Cultural Settings

Enlivening the City

  • Role of Markets
  • The Market as a Catalyst
  • Festivals: Creating an Urban Tradition


  • Defining Design Criteria for Urban Conservation

Balancing Resident and Tourist Needs

  • Strategies for the Improvement of San Francisco’s Waterfront

Northern Cities

  • The Design & Planning of New Towns in the Arctic & Subarctic
  • Juneau. Alaska
  • The WHO Healthy Cities Project.


  • Joseph Baker, Professor of Architecture, Laval University, Quebec, CANADA
  • Jonathan Barnett, Professor of City Planning, Graduate Center, City University of New York, NY, USA
  • Cristina Barrios-Cader, Associate Professor, School of Design, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC, USA
  • Georgia Bizios, Associate Professor, School of Design, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC, USA
  • John Byrne, Deleware Public Administration Institute, College of Urban Affairs & Public Policy, University of Deleware, Newark, DE, USA
  • Judith M. Capen, AIA, Assistant Prof., Dept. of Architecture and Planning, The Catholic Univ. of America, Washington, DC, USA
  • Paul Walker Clarke, Washington-Alexandria Center, Virginia Polytechnic & State University, Alexandria, VA, USA
  • Suzanne H. Crowhurst Lennard, Ph.D.(Arch.), Director, Center for Urban Well-Being, New York, NY, USA. Conference Organizer
  • Theo David, AIA, Professor & Chairman, Graduate Architecture Department, Pratt Institute, Brooklyn, NY, USA
  • Derek Drummond, Professor of Architecture, McGill Univ., Montreal, CANADA
  • Donna W. Dunay, College of Architecture, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State Univ., Blacksburg, VA, USA
  • J. Larry Durrence, City Commissioner, Lakeland, FL, USA
  • Wolfdietrich Elbert, Director, European Center for Training Craftsmen in the Restoration of the Architectural Heritage, Venice, ITALY
  • Leonel Fadigas, Vice President, Portugese Committee for UNESCO Man & Biosphere Program, Lisbon Technical University, PORTUGAL.
  • Ben Farmer, Head, Department of Architecture, Univ. of Newcastle upon Tyne, ENGLAND, UK
  • Andreas Feldtkeller, Director of Planning & Restoration for the Old City, Tübingen, GERMANY
  • Ronald Lee Fleming, President, The Townscape Institute, Cambridge, MA, USA
  • Jean Marie Gath, Principal, The SWA Group, Laguna Beach, CA, USA
  • Jan Gehl, Senior Lecturer of Urban Design, Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts, Copenhagen, DENMARK
  • Nathan Glazer, Professor of Education and Sociology, Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA, USA
  • Paul H. Gleye, Associate Professor of Architecture, Montana State Univ., Bozeman, MT, USA
  • Frank Groznik, AICP, Director, Public Planning, EDAW Inc., Fort Collins, CO, USA
  • Rod Hackney, President, Royal Institute of British Architects, London, ENGLAND, UK
  • The Honorable Dietmar Hahlweg, Mayor of Erlangen, WEST GERMANY
  • Trevor Hancock, WHO, Ontario, CANADA
  • Michael S. Harrison, AICP, Chief Planner, City of Portland, OR, USA
  • Amin B. Hassam, Senior Manager, Office of Government Services, Price Waterhouse, Washington DC, USA
  • Jim Hassinger, Executive Director, Chattanooga Venture, Chattanooga, TN, USA
  • Barry Jackson, Arts Council of Great Britain, London, ENGLAND, UK
  • Don Robert Johnson, Senior Leader of the Ethical Culture Society, New York, NY, USA
  • Jaques Kaswan, President, Urban Alternatives, San Francisco, CA, USA
  • Charles Knevitt, Architecture Correspondent, The Times; Director, Inner City Trust, London, ENGLAND, UK
  • Jonas Lehrman, Associate Dean, Faculty of Architecture, Univ. of Manitoba, Winnipeg, CANADA
  • Henry L. Lennard, Ph.D., Center for Urban Well-Being, New York, NY. Professor of Sociology in Psychiatry, Univ. of Calif., San Francisco, CA, USA. Conference Organizer
  • Gianni Longo, President, Urban Initiatives, New York, NY, USA
  • Joseph F. Mangiamele, AICP, Professor of Urban Planning and Urban Design, School of Architecture and Urban Planning, Univ. of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, WI, USA
  • John M. McGuire, Jr.,AIA, Assistant Professor of Architecture, Drury College, Springfield, MO, USA
  • Rolf Monheim, Professor of Urban Geography, Bayreuth University, WEST GERMANY
  • Peter Novak, Ph.D., M.D., Dean, Dept. of Theoretical Medicine, University of Ulm, WEST GERMANY
  • Tom Peterson, AICP, Director of Planning, City of Fort Collins, Co, USA
  • Rosaria Piomelli, Professor of Architecture, College of the City of New York, NY, USA
  • G. Douglas Purdy, Deputy Director of Social Planning, City of Vancouver, BC, CANADA
  • Patrick Quinn, Professor of Architecture, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY, USA
  • The Honorable Joseph P. Riley, Mayor of Charleston, SC, USA; former President US Conference of Mayors
  • Edoardo Salzano, formerly Deputy Mayor for Urban Planning, Venice, Professor, Univ. of Venice, ITALY
  • Ernest R. Scoffham, Professor of Architecture, The Univ. of Nottingham, ENGLAND, UK
  • James W. Shields, AIA, Dept. of Architecture, Univ. of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, WI, USA
  • Mark Sissman, President, Enterprise Social Investment Corp., Enterprise Foundation, Columbia, MD, USA
  • Janet Marie Smith, President, Pershing Square Management Assoc., Los Angeles, CA, USA
  • Bonifatius Stirnberg, Sculptor, Aachen, WEST GERMANY
  • Anselm Strauss, Professor of Sociology, Univ. of California, San Francisco, CA, USA
  • Edward Sylvester, Staff Director, House Committee on DC, US Congress, Washington, DC, USA
  • Benjamin Thompson, Architect, Benjamin Thompson & Associates, Cambridge, MA, USA
  • Jane Thompson, Conceptual Designer, Benjamin Thompson & Associates, Cambridge, MA, USA
  • Hartmut Topp, Professor of Transportation Planning, Univ. of Kaiserslautern, WEST GERMANY
  • John Turner, Architect, Habitat, London, ENGLAND, UK
  • Wallace van Zyl, Prof. & Head, Dept. of Regional Planning, The Univ. of the Orange Free State, Bloemfontein, REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA
  • Johannes Voggenhuber, City Councillor, Mayor for the Old City, Salzburg, AUSTRIA
  • Wolf Von Eckardt, Art and Architecture Critic, Washington, DC, USA.
  • William H. Whyte, author, American Conservation Association, New York, NY, USA
  • Bruce Yoell, RIBA, Professor, School of Architecture and Building Technology, Univ. of Bath, ENGLAND, UK.

Special Events

  • Reception - Gibbes Art Gallery
  • Harbor Cruise Buffet
  • Receptions at the Edmonston-Alston House, Roper House, and Nathaniel Russell House.

Photo Gallery